• Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month - For Teachers Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month - Legal Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month - Images Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month - Exhibits and Collections Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Web Page
    National Native American Heritage Month - Audio and Video Paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
    • Contributor: Us Smithsonian Institution - Us Holocaust Memorial Museum - National Archives and Records Administration - National Endowment for the Humanities - National Park Service - The Library of Congress - National Gallery of Art
    • Date: 1492
  • Exhibit
    Conquest of Mexico Paintings - Exploring the Early Americas The Conquest of Mexico paintings are significant both artistically and historically. Painted in the seventeenth century, the eight detailed canvases tell the story of the 1521 Spanish conquest of the native Aztec people. These images highlight battles between the Spanish and the Aztecs, ceremonial encounters of the Spanish conquistador with the emperor Moctezuma, and other pivotal historic moments.
    • Date: 2007-12-12
  • Exhibit
    Conquest of Mexico Paintings - Exploring the Early Americas The Conquest of Mexico paintings are significant both artistically and historically. Painted in the seventeenth century, the eight detailed canvases tell the story of the 1521 Spanish conquest of the native Aztec people. These images highlight battles between the Spanish and the Aztecs, ceremonial encounters of the Spanish conquistador with the emperor Moctezuma, and other pivotal historic moments. The series ends with the dramatic...
    • Date: 2007-12-12
  • Exhibit
    Conflict and Accommodation - Exploring the Early Americas The conquest of Mexico by Hernán Cortés and the victories of other conquistadors in ensuing decades did not end conflict and dissension in the Americas. In this section, the exhibition provides examples of continued discord or disagreement, of cultural, political, and economic adjustment and accommodation, as well as examples of the skillful use Native Americans made of Spanish laws and courts to maintain their...
    • Date: 2007-12-12
  • Exhibit
    Europe Claims America: The Atlantic Joined - 1492: An Ongoing Voyage Upon contact, the Native Americans and Europeans brought each other technologies, religion and disease which devastated the population and brought together the two worlds.
    • Date: 1992-08-13
  • Exhibit
    Explorations and Encounters - Exploring the Early Americas This section presents materials from the voyages of exploration of Christopher Columbus, Hernán Cortés, and Francisco Pizarro, and material about the natives of the Americas they encountered. It also features the Conquest of Mexico paintings, created in the seventeenth century, which depict the cataclysmic encounter between Cortés and the conquistadors and Moctezuma and his people.
    • Date: 2007-12-12
  • Exhibit
    Interpreting the Conquest - Exploring the Early Americas After Spain’s conquest of Mexico and other American lands, these events inspired books, paintings, and other historical and artistic records. In this section are materials illustrating these interpretations. Some of these items highlight the efforts of Bartolomé de las Casas (1474–1566), an early Spanish historian and Dominican missionary in the Americas, to persuade the Spanish Empire that indigenous peoples deserved humane treatment. Also featured...
    • Contributor: Solís, Antonio De - Casas, Bartolomé De Las - Tovar, Juan De
    • Date: 2007-12-12
  • Collection
    Military Battles and Campaigns This category contains maps showing campaigns of major military conflicts including troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, roads to and from sites of military engagements, campsites, and local buildings, topography and vegetation. Some of the maps are manuscripts drawn on the field of battle, while others are engraved including some that have manuscript annotations reflecting the history of the battle or campaign. A significant...
    • Date: 1570

    Collection Items: View 4,479 Items

  • Collection
    Virginia Company Archives The Virginia Company Archives is an essential source for the study of the Atlantic World and Early Colonial Period. It documents the founding and economic development of Virginia as seen through the papers of the Virginia Company of London, 1606-1624, the continuing interest of the Ferrar family in the settlement of North America from Jamestown to the Bermudas, trade between Britain and America, the...
    • Date: 1537
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [Natives cutting down tree with ax] 1 print : engraving.
    • Date: 1588
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [How the Natives collect gold in the streams] 1 print : engraving. | Native men using hollow rods which they drive into the sandy bottom of streams to collect gold and other metals.
    • Contributor: Bry, Theodor De - Le Moyne De Morgues, Jacques
    • Date: 1591
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    The Natives of Florida worship the column erected by the commander on his first voyage 1 print : engraving. | Chief Athore with René Laudonnière, commander of the second French expedition to Florida, standing by column erected by Jean Ribaut during first expedition, showing Natives worshiping the column and many offerings placed before it.
    • Contributor: Bry, Theodor De - Le Moyne De Morgues, Jacques
    • Date: 1591
  • Exhibit
    Languages and Religion - Exploring the Early Americas The Spaniards came to the New World with a dual mission of seeking wealth and spreading Christianity. To achieve the goal of conversion, missionaries learned native languages and sought to understand the cultures. Using the Roman alphabet, they transcribed languages and created grammars and dictionaries, all to translate and disseminate their Christian message. Out of the commitment to their goal of conversion, missionaries became...
    • Contributor: Valadés, Diego - Landa, Diego De - Kerr, Justin - Molina, Alonso De - Pelleprat, Pierre
    • Date: 2007-12-12
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [The dances at their great feasts] 1 print : engraving. | Native men and women dancing around a circle defined by posts with carved faces, three Native women stand together in the center of circle.
    • Contributor: White, John, Active - Bry, Theodor De
    • Date: 1590
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [How they build boats] 1 print : engraving. | Native men making dugout boats by burning and scraping with seashells.
    • Contributor: White, John, Active - Bry, Theodor De
    • Date: 1590
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [How they cook their fish] 1 print : engraving. | Native men cooking fish on a wooden frame over a fire.
    • Contributor: White, John, Active - Bry, Theodor De
    • Date: 1590
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    They reach Port Royal 1 print : engraving. | French expedition exploring Port Royal showing habitat, wildlife, and Native encampment.
    • Contributor: Bry, Theodor De - Le Moyne De Morgues, Jacques
    • Date: 1591
  • Photo, Print, Drawing
    [The Englishmen's arrival in Virginia] 1 print : engraving. | Map showing the coast of Virginia with many islands just off the mainland, two Native territories, Secotan and Weapemeoc, and the Native community of Roanoak on an island at the mouth of a river.
    • Contributor: White, John, Active - Bry, Theodor De
    • Date: 1590