Photo, Print, Drawing Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Carriage Roads, Woodstock, Windsor County, VT

[ Photos from Survey HAER VT-27  ]

More Resources

[ Drawings from Survey HAER VT-27  ]
[ Data Pages from Survey HAER VT-27  ]
[ Photo Captions from Survey HAER VT-27  ]

About this Item

Title
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Carriage Roads, Woodstock, Windsor County, VT
Contributor Names
Historic American Engineering Record, creator
Copeland, Robert Morris
Hutcheson, Martha Brookes Brown
Lynch, Bryan J
French, Mary
Marsh, Charles
Marsh, George Perkins
Billings, Frederick
Rockefeller, Laurance Spelman
Cady, James
Billings, Sophia Wetherbee
Billings, Oel
Billings, Laura
Billings, Julia Parmly
Downing, Andrew Jackson
Dana, Henry S
Aitken, George
Billings, Mary Montagu
Billings, Elizabeth
Kittredge, Elsie
French, John
Hitchcock, Elizabeth French
Christianson, Justine, transmitter
Marston, Christopher, project manager
Gray, Chris, field team project manager
Feldman-Grosse, Aaron, delineator
Mark, Amy, delineator
Wollan, Katie, historian
Ky, Marlen, delineator
Christianson, Justine, historian
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1968
Subject Headings
-  roads
-  landscape architects
-  transportation
-  conservation & restoration
-  recreation
-  turnpikes
-  farmland
-  fieldstone
-  walls
-  vistas
-  stone retaining walls
-  visitors' centers
-  porte cocheres
-  culverts
-  troughs
-  hemlock trees
-  pastures
-  markers (monuments)
-  elm trees
-  rivers
-  riprap
-  pines
-  maples
-  larch trees
-  meadows
-  footpaths
-  causeways
-  dams
-  ponds
-  shrubs
-  balustrades
-  fireplace
-  intersections
-  hitching posts
-  gates
-  parking lots
-  automobiles
-  crushed rock pavements
-  tree farms
-  allées
-  wood shingle siding
-  Vermont -- Windsor County -- Woodstock
Notes
-  Significance: The result of Frederick Billings's efforts was a network of carriage roads giving access to the estate for utilitarian purposes, as well as providing a pleasurable encounter with the landscape. Traveling along the roads, riders could see reforestation in progress, picturesque vistas, and the reward of the view from the top of Mount Tom. The good stewardship of Billings' descendants allowed this model nineteenth century landscape to survive, with minor modifications that reflect changes in land use.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N962
-  Survey number: HAER VT-27
-  Building/structure dates: ca. 1870 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1903-1904 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: ca. 1956 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1978 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1998-1999 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1872 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: before 1869 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1887 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1890 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1891 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1892 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1895 Initial Construction
-  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 03000282
Medium
Photo(s): 44
Color Transparencies: 9
Measured Drawing(s): 10
Data Page(s): 44
Photo Caption Page(s): 4
Call Number/Physical Location
HAER VT,14-WOOD,9-
Source Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
vt0122
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.surfoboards.com/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Online Format
image
pdf

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, Robert Morris Copeland, Martha Brookes Brown Hutcheson, Bryan J Lynch, Mary French, Charles Marsh, George Perkins Marsh, et al. Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Carriage Roads, Woodstock, Windsor County, VT. Vermont Windsor County Woodstock, 1968. translateds by Christianson, Justinemitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. http://www.surfoboards.com/item/vt0122/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, C., Copeland, R. M., Hutcheson, M. B. B., Lynch, B. J., French, M., Marsh, C. [...] Christianson, J. (1968) Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Carriage Roads, Woodstock, Windsor County, VT. Vermont Windsor County Woodstock, 1968. Christianson, J., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, http://www.surfoboards.com/item/vt0122/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, et al. Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Carriage Roads, Woodstock, Windsor County, VT. trans by Christianson, Justinemitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.surfoboards.com/item/vt0122/>.

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